Many different foot conditions can occur, some more common than others. We will discuss the five most common foot conditions. These conditions include plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, bunions, hammertoes, and Morton’s neuroma. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s essential to seek medical attention from a podiatrist.
1. Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common foot conditions in the U.S. It occurs when there is inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom surface of your foot. This condition can result from an abnormal motion or an overload on the plantar fascia, which can cause the tissue to tear. Individuals usually feel pain in their feet during or after activity. The pain worsens when standing up after resting, and it lessens when walking around. If left untreated, plantar fasciitis can cause heel pain and other more severe problems with the feet.
2. Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles tendonitis is another common foot condition that is very painful along the back of your lower leg, just above your heel. This occurs when the Achilles tendon’s inflammation attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone. This inflammation can be attributed to overuse or repetitive micro-trauma to the Achilles tendon. Individuals who participate in running, dance, or sports that involve a lot of jumping are more likely to develop this condition.
Bunions are probably one of the most common conditions seen by podiatrists these days. They are enlarged bumps on the bones at the base of your big toe, where it attaches to your foot. The reason for this enlargement is due to a misalignment of the bones in your big toe joint. Over time, this misalignment can become so bad that it causes a crippling deformity.
Several factors contribute to bunion development, including genetics, obesity, age, and heredity. Bunions are treated mainly with conservative treatments such as orthotics (special shoe inserts), padding for your shoes to relieve pressure against the bunion area. These specific types of exercises stretch and strengthen muscles in the foot. In addition, surgical procedures may be required if other treatments fail to give positive results.
4. Achilles Tendon Rupture
One common activity that can potentially cause an Achilles tendon rupture is jumping up during a basketball game. So, if you plan on playing basketball this weekend, be sure to wear thick socks, so you don’t tear your Achilles tendon.
Achilles tendon ruptures are treated with surgery followed by several months of physical therapy to regain strength and flexibility within the calf muscles for returning to normal activity levels. Some activities that may cause an increased risk of re-injuring your Achilles tendon are sports involving sprinting, jumping, climbing stairs.
5. Broken Foot Bones (Metatarsals)
The metatarsals are the long bones of your foot that lead out to the five toes. All metatarsals stress fractures are caused by repetitive forces on the bone due to jogging or jumping. When adults get stress fractures, these are usually attributed to overuse-type injuries like in athletes who participate in running sports.
The best way to treat problems with your feet is to abstain from activities that cause pain and put you at risk for re-injuring the area. We encourage you to visit our experts so that they can properly diagnose your condition and recommend a custom plan of action based on your needs.